A wound is usually involving division of tissue or rupture of the skin, tissue and mucous membrane due to external force; accident, elective surgery or even burn. After the injury, the tissue will start its natural process of healing. Most wound would heal with simple action of keeping clean from infection. However, some wound will become chronic and difficult to heal. Here, the healing rate depends on both external and internal factors.
Macro-micro nutrients vital for wound healing
Medical professionals will choose to apply the most appropriate remedies externally to generate the right healing process in accordance to the 4 phases of wound heal. The right dressings will also deter local bacteria from populating on the wound site and encourage speedy wound heal.
Our body internal factor plays an essential role in the wound heal process. Well controlled comorbidity like glucose control, venous blood flow, skin disease would play a strong role in healing.
Nutritionist advise consuming a plus nutrient- dense food and drinking enough fluid will be helpful. Food group of macronutrients like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and fluids is essential for support of wound heal. It is essential to also include micronutrients like amino acids, vitamins, and minerals in the diet. Plan healthy, balanced meals and snacks that include the right amount of foods from the Healthy Plate food groups1- protein, fruits, vegetables, dairy and grains.
However, obtaining optimal well-balanced diet on a daily basis remain a challenge for many. A wound patient will have higher need for specific nutrients that may be overlooked in support of wound healing tissue and cells. Internal consumption of micronutrients and macronutrients combined with professional care would enable synergy in wound healing intervention.
In cases that nutrient rich food is not sufficient, additional nutritional supplement could be added on to daily diet to provide good nutrition in aid of wound healing.
Various vital macro and micro nutrients that helps wound healing
- Vitamin A
Vitamin A is a co factor to enzymatic processes related to wound healing. It has anti-inflammatory effect in open wounds and it facilitating epithelial cell differentiation.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can also influence collagen formation and immunity function during wound heal.
Zinc is vital for collagen synthesis and increase tensile strength. It helps fibroblast proliferation, collagen synthesis, and epithelialization.
Selenium is a strong antioxidant that wound aid in inflammation and other immune functions.
It is known that supplementation of arginine in trauma, wound and sepsis state of a patient is required. Arginine is essential in the inflammatory process of wound healing, it also helps in synthesis and production, and deposit of collagen in wounds.
Bromelain is an enzyme that is shown to reduce bruising, pain & swelling. Some studies show that it would minimize healing time in surgery and wound heal.
Chromium is shown to positively influences glucose metabolism.